1 edition of Control of gonadal steroid secretion. found in the catalog.
Control of gonadal steroid secretion.
|Statement||Editors: David T. Baird and J. A. Strong.|
|Series||Pfizer medical monographs ;, 6|
|Contributions||Baird, David T., ed., Strong, J. A. 1915- ed., Pfizer Foundation.|
|LC Classifications||QP801.H7 C65 1971b|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||304|
|LC Control Number||72194366|
The gonadal steroid hormones 17β-estradiol (E2), testosterone (T), and ketotestosterone (KT) play important roles in gametogenesis and in regulating reproductive behavior and development of. Steroid hormones in mammals regulate diverse physiological functions such as reproduc‐ tion, mainly by the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, blood salt balance, maintenance of secondary sexual characteristics, response to stress, neuronal function and various metabolic.
Analysis of gonadal steroid secretion in the serum of women during ovarian stimulation Marie Claude Menet 1, 2, Guillaume Damiens 1, Erwan Méténier 1, (days 5–13 in AMP and days 8–14 in control). Steroid profiles were characterized using mass spectrometry. Unlike gonadal steroid receptors, glucocorticoid receptors are very widespread throughout the brain; in the paraventricular nucleus, they mediate negative feedback control of CRF synthesis and secretion, but elsewhere their role is not well understood. Function Hormone release.
Absence of germ cells is found in 20% to 40% of inguinal or prescrotal testes in contrast to 90% of intra-abdominal testes. Both mechanical and hormonal etiologic factors have been suggested to explain the mechanism of cryptorchidism. Increasing evidence points to a defect in the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis in these patients. Adolecent growth spurt is attributed to sex steroids from the gonads/adrenals. Gonadal steroids increase GH/IGF-I, promoting linear growth and accelerating epiphyseal closure, limiting the obtainable adult height. Hypogonadal individuals tend to be tall with long arms and legs. Effects are mostly due to estrogen (T converted to E by aromatase).
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Control of gonadal steroid secretion. Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, (OCoLC) Online version: Control of gonadal steroid secretion. Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, (OCoLC) Material Type: Conference publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: David T Baird; J A Strong; Pfizer Foundation.
Structure and Function of the Male Reproductive Tract Relevant to Immunophysiology. The Immune System and Its Endocrine Control. Immune Cells of the Male Reproductive Tract. Immunological and Inflammatory Mediators in the Testis.
Effects of Immune Cells and Inflammation on Male Reproduction. Hypothalamic GnRH stimulates the gonadotroph to synthesize and release both Control of gonadal steroid secretion. book and LH which stimulate the gonads to produce sex steroid hormones and regulate germ cell function. Estradiol and testosterone regulate release of central GnRH, FSH, and LH in both females and males.
Control of gonadotrope cell function relies upon the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptor (GnRHR), and loss of function of the GnRHR and the signaling pathways that lie downstream of this critical G-protein coupled receptor results in loss of normal reproduction function in mammals, including humans.
Functional and Organizational Aspects of Gonadal Steroids in the Pig Brain. Nuclear Progesterone Receptors and Characterization of Cytosol Receptors in the Rat Hypothalamus and Anterior Hypophysis. Interaction of Oestrogen and of Physiological Progesterone Metabolites in the Control of Gonadotropin Secretion.
Control of steroid production in the fetal gonads. The major control of steroid synthesis in the fetal and adult gonad is through the actions of the gonadotrophins, LH and FSH, secreted by the pituitary gland (see Box ).
In the fetus, the hypothalamo-hypophyseal vascular connections responsible for LH release by hypothalamic GnRH are only established between 11 and 12 weeks after conception.
Gonadal and Placental Hormones. By the end of this section, you will be able to: (sperm and ova) and secrete the gonadal hormones. The roles of the gonadotropins released from the anterior pituitary (FSH and LH) were discussed earlier. The primary hormone produced by the male testes is testosterone, a steroid hormone important in the.
Kisspeptin neurons are important in the generation of both sex steroid negative and estrogen positive feedback signals to GnRH neurons, the former being involved in the tonic regulation of GnRH secretion in males and females and the latter governing the preovulatory GnRH/luteinizing hormone.
Blood‐borne GnRH is then delivered to the anterior pituitary, where it elicits the secretion of the gonadotropins, luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle‐stimulating hormone (FSH), which stimulate gametogenesis and gonadal steroid secretion, and thus control reproduction.
Sex steroids, also known as gonadocorticoids and gonadal steroids, are steroid hormones that interact with vertebrate steroid hormone receptors. The sex steroids include the androgens, estrogens, and effects are mediated by slow genomic mechanisms through nuclear receptors as well as by fast nongenomic mechanisms through membrane-associated receptors and signaling ical target: Sex steroid receptors.
Profiles of plasma growth hormone (GH) in male tilapia hybrid (Oreochromis niloticus x O. aureus) were measured and compared at different times of the year. The profiles did not appear to be repetitive, however, differences in their nature were observed at the different seasons; the most erratic profiles were seen in the height of the reproductive season (July), while the peaks were more.
To determine whether the effects of the gonadal steroids on osmotically stimulated VP and OT release reflected disruption of stimulus secretion coupling at the axon terminal, their effects on K +-stimulated hormone release were evaluated.
Potassium chloride directly depolarizes axon terminals, resulting in an increase in hormone release from. This section briefly discusses the hormonal role of the gonads—the male testes and female ovaries—which produce the sex cells (sperm and ova) and secrete the gonadal hormones.
The roles of the gonadotropins released from the anterior pituitary (FSH and LH) were discussed earlier. The primary hormone produced by the male testes is testosterone, a steroid hormone important in the. Although kisspeptins and gpr were first described in relation to cancer metastasis, they were subsequently shown to play a pivotal role in the control of the hypothalamic–pituitary–gonadal (HPG) axis via regulation of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion (Funes et al., ; Gottsch et al., ; Irwig et al., ; Messager.
Similarly, peripubertal LH secretion increases in both gonad-intact and ovariectomized female rats 39 and in humans with no circulating gonadal steroids due to gonadal dysgene gonadal steroid hormones. The collective endpoint of these two processes is the reproductively mature adult.
GnRH neurons are central to gonadal and behavioral maturation The control of GnRH secretion is fundamental to reproductive matu-ration. GnRH is a decapeptide produced by specialized neurons that.
In this review, we focus on the synthesis, function and excretion of gonadal steroids, emphasizing the diverse nature of steroid products in teleosts. We then examine how seasonal patterns of sex steroid production may be regulated at the molecular level.
In rodents, organizational and activational effects of gonadal steroid hormones have been described for the regulation of HPA axis function and, if consistent with humans, this may underlie the increased risk of mood disorders in women. Male and female sex hormones are steroid hormones and as such, can pass through the cell membrane of their target cells to influence gene expression within cells.
Gonadal hormone production is regulated by hormones secreted by the anterior pituitary in the brain. Thus, according to this concept, the onset of puberty results from a decreasing sensitivity at the hypothalamic-pituitary level to the suppressive effect of sex steroids; consequently, gonadotropin secretion increases, and, in turn, there is an increase in gonadal steroid production (see Fig.
3). Testosterone infusion experiments in boys and. Outline • Introduction • Hypothalamic-pituitary-Gonadal axis (HPG) • Hypothalamus – Production and release of GnRH – Function of GnRH • The Pituitary gland – Functions & regulations of gonadotrophin hormones • Gonadal (steroid) Hormones • Hormone from Pineal gland • Summary of integration of organs & hormones to regulate.
The timely secretion of gonadal sex steroids is essential for the initiation of puberty, the postpubertal maintenance of secondary sexual characteristics and the normal perinatal development of.